Global Independent Analytics

Iran wants U.S. to pay for 63 years of 'spiritual and material damage'

The outgoing Iranian Parliament is demanding unspecified compensation from the United States for its involvement in "spiritual and material damage" for the past 63 years, Iranian state news reported Tuesday.

Steve Almasy and Bijan Hosseini report for CNN

On Tuesday morning session, the Parliament discussed the U.S involvement in the coup of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh in 1953, America's support of Iraq in its war with Iran from 1980 to 1988, and the destruction of oil platforms in the late '80s.

It was a response to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision last month. This decision ruled that Iran should hand over nearly $2 billion in frozen assets to Americans affected by attacks that Iran was accused of organizing.

"(The law) provides a new standard clarifying that, if Iran owns certain assets, the victims of Iran-sponsored terrorist attacks will be permitted to execute against those assets," Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote for the majority.

241 people died in the 1983 bombing of U.S. barracks in Beirut, Lebanon. In 2001 their family members filed suit in U.S. courts against Iran. As a result, the U.S. federal judge decided that the terrorist group Hezbollah was guilty carrying out the attack at the direction of the Iranian government.

Iran did not admit its role in this attack.

The Iranian compensation bill passed Tuesday with 174 votes in favor and seven against, according to the Tehran Times. Iran's outgoing Parliament is dominated by conservatives.

The new Parliament was elected February 26 taking office on May 28. It consists of 83 reformists and 60 independents among its 290 members. 78 are conservative.

The Vice President for Parliamentary Affairs Majid Ansari declared that Iranian courts have ruled the United States should pay them $50 billion for hostile actions.

The United States has acknowledged that supported Iraq in the war with Iran.

But then declared that had taken action against the Iranian oil platforms as retribution.

In 1988, at a time when the U.S. military was providing escorts for Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf, an Iranian mine damaged and nearly sank the USS Samuel B. Roberts. President Ronald Reagan ordered retaliatory strikes against Iranian oil platforms and naval vessels, U.S. officials said at the time. Two platforms were destroyed and an Iranian warship was sunk in Operation Praying Mantis.

 

By Stefan Paraber for GIA

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