Global Independent Analytics

Arab Spring 5 years on: Corruption increased, says report

Five years after the Arab Spring revolution brought citizens into the streets to demonstrate against government corruption and other issues, how much has really changed?

Sheena McKenzie for CNN reports: New governments were ushered in in several countries, with leaders promising a new era of accountability, openness, political freedom and economic opportunity.

But almost one in three people living in the Middle East and North Africa say they've paid a bribe to access basic services such as medicine, education, and water in the last year, according to a report by Transparency International. This figure represents the equivalent of nearly 50 million people, say the report's authors.

The report also demonstrated that 61 percent of respondents believe that the corruption level has only increased in their country over the past year. The situation seems to be the worst in Lebanon, where 92 percent of people has expressed their concerns that corruption level has raised over the time. The country is then followed by Yemen with 84 percent believing that, and Jordan, with 75 percent.

“Almost 11,000 adults from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian territories, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen were interviewed as part of the survey.

Of the public sectors, almost one in three people who dealt with the courts paid a bribe in the last 12 months, according to the report.

When it comes to the police, around one in four people say they paid a bribe,” continues McKenzie.

The report has also revealed that despite such outrageous level of corruption, 38 percent of those who blew whistles at the frauds, said that they have faced retaliation as the result, making it even more possible to report instances of corruption.

"It's as if the Arab Spring never happened," said José Ugaz, chair of Transparency International. "Leaders who fail to stop secrecy, fail to promote free speech, and fail to stop bribery also fail to bring dignity to the daily lives of people living in the Middle East and North Africa. Peoples' human rights are seriously affected," he added.

McKenzie carries on: “The wave of protests and change began in January 2011 with the death of Mohamed Bouazizi, a 26-year-old fruit cart vendor who set himself on fire in protest after police confiscated his cart. He had apparently refused to pay a bribe. Demonstrations following his death eventually grew into protests against the government and its policies, and President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was ousted in January 2011.

That sparked a wave of protests across the region, with people rising up against their governments and demanding change -- a trend that came to be known as the Arab Spring.”

In Egypt, tens of thousands of protesters have successfully overthrown then-President Hosni Mubarak, who has been reigning for nearly 30 years. The next year the people of the country have picked Mohamed Morsy, who has become Egypt’s first democratically elected president. But few years later, he was toppled and sentenced to 20 years in prison after being accused of violence outside the presidential palace.

In Libya, after months of protests Moammar Gaddafi was forced to leave the country only to have been captured and killed later by opposition forces. A new unity government was only recently established.

In Jordan, King Abdullah declared sweeping reforms and established a parliamentary majority government.

In Bahrain, King Hamad al-Khalifa established an independent commission that made it possible to reveal the police’s abuse of force and torture against civilians in the crackdown against protesters there.

“Despite hopes that the Arab Spring protests would herald a new era of transparency, social justice and economic opportunity across the region, the report makes it appear there is still a long way to go,” concludes McKenzie.

 

By Stefan Paraber for GIA.

Related ARTICLES

Afghan Taliban announce successor to Mullah Mansour

Afghan Taliban announce successor to Mullah Mansour

Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada was one of the Afghan Taliban's deputy leaders

25 May 2016

Pope embraces grand imam at Vatican meeting in a bid to bring the Catholic and Muslim churches together

Pope embraces grand imam at Vatican meeting in a bid to bring the Catholic and Muslim churches together

Pope Francis today reopened dialogue with the grand imam of Al-Azhar

23 May 2016

Why The First-Ever World Humanitarian Summit Matters

Why The First-Ever World Humanitarian Summit Matters

World Humanitarian Summit comes at a time when protracted conflict, instability, and forced displacement are defining features of the global landscape

23 May 2016

POPULAR ARTICLES

Not Found

OPINION

Vladimir Golstein

Vladimir Golstein

The Danderous Acceptance of Donald Trump

James N. Green

James N. Green

Politics in Brazil: Fasten Your Seat Belts!

Barbara H. Peterson

Barbara H. Peterson

Health officials confirm spread of Zika virus through sexual contact in Texas, first in US

Danny Haiphong

Danny Haiphong

WHY IS OTTO(SUPER)MAN ERDOGAN LOSING HIS CHARISMA?

Miray Aslan

Miray Aslan

How relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran reached a breaking point

Navid Nasr

Navid Nasr

How relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran reached a breaking point

Writers

chief editor

Joshua Tartakovsky

Analysis should serve as a method to better understand our world, not to obscure it.

Materials: 42

Specialization: Israel and the Middle East, US politics

Materials: 7

Specialization: Balkans, NATO and EU policies, Strategic communications

Materials: 3

Specialization: Foreign politics, Immigration, Human rights.

Materials: 2

Specialization: Political Science, Social Anthropology

Materials: 3

Specialization: Eastern Europe

Materials: 14

Specialization: Industrial Safety, Corporations

Materials: 12

Specialization: Eastern Europe, Labor movement

Materials: 3

Specialization: American history, way of life, and principles

Danielle Ryan

Ireland

Materials: 10

Specialization: US foreign policy, US-Russia relations and media bias

Materials: 20

Specialization: War, Racism, Capitalist exploitation, Civil rights

Materials: 8

Specialization: Modern Japanese History, Modern Chinese History, Military History, History of Counterinsurgency, History of Disobedience, Dynamics of Atrocities in Wartime

Dovid Katz

Lithuania

Materials: 3

Specialization: Holocaust Revisionism and Geopolitics; East European Far Right & Human Rights; Yiddish Studies & Litvak Culture

Materials: 20

Specialization: History, Catalunya, Spain, Geopolitics, Nationalism in Europe, Islamization, Immigration

Materials: 5

Materials: 3

Specialization: migration, international relations

Materials: 1

Specialization: Syria, US Foreign policy and strategies, BRICS/SCO

Materials: 19

Specialization: Balkans, Yugoslavia

Materials: 10

Specialization: Jihadist Groups, Islamic Terrorism, Global Security

Materials: 4

Specialization: Geopolitics

Materials: 4

Specialization: Media and government relations

Materials: 2

Specialization: Latin America, Brazil

Jay Watts

Canada

Materials: 2

Specialization: History, Marxism-Leninism, Imperialism, Anti-imperialism.

Materials: 2

Specialization: International Relations, Sociology, Geostrategy

Materials: 1

Specialization: civil rights

Lionel Baland

Belgium

Materials: 22

Specialization: Euroscepticism, Patriotic parties of Europe

Maram Susli

Australia

Materials: 3

Specialization: Geopolitics

Materials: 2

Specialization: Civil rights, Racism, US politics

Materials: 1

Specialization: geopolitics, economics

Max J. Schindler

Palestine-Israel

Materials: 9

Specialization: Politics

Miray Aslan

Turkey

Materials: 12

Specialization: Media, Politics

Materials: 5

Specialization: Politics, International relations

Navid Nasr

Croatia

Materials: 13

Specialization: Global security, Politics

Materials: 9

Specialization: Development of European Union, Non-governmental organizations, Politics and economics in Baltic States

Materials: 9

Specialization: Greece, Crisis of the US hegemony; Israel / Occupied Palestine, Oppression of Black people in the US

Materials: 4

Specialization: geopolitics, Russia, USSR

Pedro Marin

Brazil

Materials: 17

Specialization: Latin America, Ukraine, North Korea

Materials: 13

Specialization: Sustainable development, International relations, Comparative European politics, European integration, Eastern European politics and EU-Russia relations

Materials: 8

Specialization: Politics

Materials: 16

Specialization: Counterterrorist Finance

Seyit Aldogan

Greece

Materials: 3

Specialization: ISIS, Middle East, Globalization, Migrant crisis

Materials: 1

Specialization: Head of "Srebrenica Historical Project"

Materials: 3

Specialization: Economy, Social politics

Stevan Gajic

Serbia

Materials: 1

Specialization: Full time researcher at the Institute for European Studies

Materials: 5

Specialization: Geopolitics, Geoeconomics

Materials: 2

Specialization: Civil rights

Tobias Nase

Germany

Materials: 8

Specialization: Syria, US Foreign policy, Ukraine

Valerijus Simulik

Lithuania

Materials: 2

Specialization: Politics and economics in Baltic States, education and science, non - governmental organizations, globalization and EU

Van Gelis

Greece

Materials: 17

Specialization: Middle East

Materials: 1

Specialization: Kosovo, Serbia, Belgrad bombing

Materials: 5

Specialization: international relations, Russia

toTop