Global Independent Analytics
Van Gelis
Van Gelis

Location: Greece

Specialization: Middle East

BREXIT A Tale of Two Options …or just a US Trojan Horse for TTIP? Part One

After France, Ireland and Greece where referendum results were either ignored or overturned, it is now Britain’s turn to vote.

When it comes to EU Referendums nothing can be taken at face value. They might occur but the result is usually the exact opposite of what the people voted for. After France, Ireland and Greece where referendum results were either ignored or overturned, it is now Britain’s turn to vote. The outcome cannot be determined from now but even if Brexit occurs the result could be a case of out of the frying pan into the fire. This political class, this political generation throughout Europe is corrupt beyond anything anyone can imagine.

Only one country ever got out in one piece from the EU: Greenland. And its foreign policy was still controlled by Denmark. Others (such as Norway) have had to vote more than once not to join. It’s the modern equivalent of hell: once checked in, you are there for eternity.

History of a United Europe

Whilst not formally an original creator of the precursor to the EU, Britain was in many ways a trailblazer. Throughout history, it has had an uneasy relationship with continental Europe only because Europe’s perennial question has always been its unification, and the means to achieve that have always so far led to a military solution (Roman Empire, Napoleon, WW1 & 2, EU). The fact that the UK acquired after France the largest global empire under capitalism gave it independence from continental Europe and a role which competing imperialisms aspired to emulate. Whilst unifying the planet under its colonial terms it never had a reason to unify Europe, but those emulating Britain’s rise to a global superpower, having lost the struggle for the division of the planet, could not but attack the source of their defeat: the empire at home.Thus, we were led to WW1.

After WW2 and the abject bankruptcy of the European colonial empires, the liberation of around fifty countries worldwide, and the reliance of the European nation states on the US Marshall Plan after a whole series of international agreements (Bretton Woods, World Bank, IMF), moves were made to end the causes of European conflict by going towards integrationist policies in the European Coal and Steel Community and the Treaty of Rome.

Capitalism as a social system cannot stand still. It has to keep on growing, expanding and if it stops, it starts to implode. Similar to a company’s products, if they aren’t sold they rot and with it a company’s balance sheet and eventually the company itself. The creation of a United Capitalist States of Europe is/was a political project of trying to integrate the ruling classes of Europe into one national ruling class and expanding eastwards till it encompasses the planet in a neoliberal free for all.

During debates that occurred in the first half of the 20th Century by Russian socialists regarding the creation of a United Europe,it was stated that“Under capitalism the smooth economic growth of individual enterprises or individual states is impossible. Under capitalism, there are no other means of restoring the periodically disturbed equilibrium than crises in industry and wars in politics.”[i]

The other main issue is that we have in the geographical area which encompasses more than the 28 present states of the EU, different nations, with different histories, and in particular different languages. To integrate all these into a single state entity like the EU pretends to do in the EU bureaucracy by translating all documents in only four languages, is beyond absurd, as nations weren’t asked whether they want to be erased in such a manner, nor should they be.

The project therefore of uniting all states, ensuring a few imperialist centres control the process (Britain, Germany, France) is a project that is prone to collapse and breakdown. It has failed twice before. They are now attempting a third time and it looks like they are going towards a fast-track approach using ‘terrorism’ as the excuse to fast-forward the process via extended state of emergencies which first started in France, are now extended to Belgium, and soon probably will be wheeled out in many more states.

As Lenin observed “From the standpoint of the economic conditions of imperialism—i.e., the export of capital and the division of the world by the “advanced” and “civilised” colonial powers—a United States of Europe, under capitalism, is either impossible or reactionary.”[ii]

WW1 and WW2

German imperialism having lost the global scramble for colonies to France and Britain engaged in a war with them to acquire its colonies and at the same time unite Europe under its leadership. It paid a heavy price for this in Versailles where it was humiliated and lost more than what it had before the war. Once again, a couple of decades later, the same event is taking place, but this time with France onboard. The first two attempts were military projects and economic and fiscal union would occur as a consequence. It was obviously too difficult for Germany as a nation state to take over Europe and at the same time take on the world. There were not enough Germans with guns to achieve this aim even when they subcontracted their war aims to their allies such as Italy. Russia, which borders Europe to its east, stretches all the way to Asia-Japan. It is vast and no European country in history has colonised it or ever will.

German globalism during the first and second world war failed at inception only because the project was too vast and did not include a single element of agreement of any of the nation states being taken over. It only takes one to disagree then the project stalls. The stalling of an expansionist Empire (all Empires are expansionist)led inevitably to reversals. This isn’t necessarily taught but it’s an inevitable process in life: if one climbs the top of a pyramid then the only way is down after having a rest. One cannot stay at the top forever.

EU Unification: A US Coordinated Project

Every EU country has been fed the story that the EU was created to stop the war in Europe. Funny that with the break-up of Yugoslavia (promoted and stoked by Germany’s support for secession of Slovenia then Croatia) war broke out in Europe and NATO started bombing creating 3m internally displaced people.Recently, we saw EU’s role in the break-up of the Ukraine and the war there. Now the EU is laying the foundations for the total collapse of the Greek state by agreeing to turning it into a parking lot for millions of migrants for the cheap labour dictates of the 4th Reich.

The British who essentially became America’s counsel in their rise to global leadership helped spirit out 3rd Reich Nazis from Germany and inaugurated a civil war in Greece as a blueprint from which all the post-colonial conflicts would develop (Algeria, Kenya, Cyprus etc.), rehabilitating openly Hitler’s 3rd Reich collaborators and hunting down and killing Greek anti-Nazi partisans and their leader Aris Velouhiotis.[iii]  The British then handed over the reins to the US, who inaugurated from Athens the Cold War Truman Doctrine while napalming partisans in mountains. The 3rd Reich didn’t die, it remained dormant until it morphed into the 4th which is what happened openly after the Wall Street crash of 2007/8. There is also some evidence that the 3rd Reich planned the creation of the 4th just as it was being eclipsed.[iv] 

During 1948-1960, the American Committee on United Europe was created. Its clear aim was to have America control the European nation-states, centralise production and distribution, and link them directly with what was occurring in the USA.[v] A whole series of Treaties have occurred:

  • Brussels Treaty 1948
  • Paris Treaty 1952
  • Modified Brussels Treaty of 1955
  • Treaty of Rome 1958
  • The merger of Treaties in 1967  (this was called the Common Market or the European Economic Community (EEC)).
  • The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 that laid the real foundation stones of the EU
  • Amsterdam Treaty 1997
  • The Nice Treaty of 2003
  • The Treaty of Lisbon that was signed by the EU member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009

1973 Crash

The Vietnam War and the crash that followed created conditions whereby America instigated round table discussions to coordinate industrial policy with the European countries in what were the US-EEC Businessmen’s Conferences chaired by the UK. Britain was always America’s bridge to Europe and despite not physically taking part in Vietnam, the former had advisors there.[vi]

Throughout the 1970’s and after the collapse of the US dollar and the post-war Bretton Woods system, Britain was deeply involved with the Atlanticist cold war agenda, pushing for entry into the EEC, being accepted in 1973, and then ratifying this agreement in a Referendum in 1975.

It was an irony of history that the biggest trade union, the TGWU, and the majority of the Labour Party led to a big campaign for Exit. Today it’s the Tory party riven with big divisions and its parliamentary group split right down the middle, while an overwhelming majority of British trade unions (97 out of 100) are for staying in.(RMT, Aslef, Bakers Union are all for an Exit, including the TUC).

The severe economic crisis of 1973 led to Britain being the first in the EEC to adopt a neoliberal economic order accepting the IMF into the country even before the neoliberal order embarked on its world tour (Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the ex-Soviet Union, then a return to Europe with Greece in 2010) and the first country to turn away from state ownership. Now private ownership of all the means of production was elevated to a new God. History would end with the advent of a liberal order as stated by Fukuyama. Propaganda had reached epic proportions.

During that period the British political class tried to move forward to the dynamics of the single currency by joining European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM, explained in this video) but the different nature of the British economy in relation to continental Europe (closure of manufacturing industry and growth of the financial one) meant that it was difficult for sterling to be able to maintain the parities required to stay in ERM. The Bank of England had to pump in billions to prop up sterling. At the time, neo colonyGeorge Soros, who was an unknown fund manager, gambled against Sterling and blew up ERM. The architect of the British move was Normal Lamont, from the core group at Oxford who were instrumental in creating Thatcher’s economic privatisation agenda throughout the 1990’s. Ironically after having failed to get Britain into the single currency, recently Lamont has come out for Brexit.

Once the Soviet Union collapsed Britain became a full neo-colony of the USA in both foreign and domestic policy. This is where the hub of the differences lie:Continental Europe wants to be where Britain is and Britain wants to be America. This was played out in the late 1980’s and 1990’s and will be analysed in Part Two.

 

 


[iv]The document, also known as the Red House Report, is a detailed account of a secret meeting at the Maison Rouge Hotel in Strasbourg on August 10, 1944. There, Nazi officials ordered an elite group of German industrialists to plan for Germany's post-war recovery, prepare for the Nazis' return to power and work for a 'strong German empire'. In other words: the Fourth Reich.Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1179902/Revealed-The-secret-report-shows-Nazis-planned-Fourth-Reich--EU.html#ixzz43fiUThly

[v]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._%E2%80%93_E.E.C._Businessmen%E2%80%99s_Conference

[vi]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._%E2%80%93_E.E.C._Businessmen%E2%80%99s_Conference

 

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